Sex Education in Schools: Pros and Cons

Sex education in schools has been a topic of debate and controversy for as long as these subjects have been around. Though it may seem like a straightforward concept, there are a lot of considerations and nuances when it comes to what should be taught, how it should be taught, and who should be doing the teaching. This blog post aims to shed light on the pros and cons of sex education in schools, drawing from reputable sources to provide a well-rounded view on the subject.

Sex education in schools is a subject that is often met with polarized opinions. Some argue that it is essential for young people’s health and well-being, while others believe that it can lead to promiscuity and contradict religious teachings. This section will provide an overview of the various perspectives on this issue.

The Importance of the Subject

According to the United Nations Population Fund, comprehensive sexual education has been found to delay the initiation of sexual intercourse by 37%, reduce the frequency of sex by 31%, and increase the use of condoms and contraception by 40%. These statistics show the potential impact of sex education on public health and individual well-being.

The Controversy

The debate over the best way to teach sexual health in schools continues to be a hot topic. KQED reports that student voices are often left out of the conversation when schools are deciding what to teach. This highlights the complexity and sensitivity of the issue.


Sex ED in school - PROS

1. Reduces Teen Pregnancies

According to Global Citizen, comprehensive sex education has been proven effective at delaying first intercourse and increasing the use of contraception among sexually active youth, thereby reducing teen pregnancies.

2. Lowers Rates of Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)

Comprehensive sex education teaches about STI prevention, including the use of condoms. Education is more effective in preventing STIs than education that focuses solely on abstinence.

3. Empowers Against Sexual Violence

Comprehensive sex education can empower girls and boys to speak up if their sexual boundaries are violated, thus acting as a preventative measure against sexual violence.

4. Promotes Healthy Relationships

Comprehensive sex education includes discussions about healthy relationships and consent, which are crucial for emotional well-being.

5. Medically Accurate Information

According to KQED, comprehensive sex education includes medically accurate information about reproductive health, STI prevention, and more, equipping students with the knowledge they need to make informed decisions.


Cons of sex ed

1. Moral and Religious Conflicts

Material taught in sex education can often conflict with the moral or religious beliefs of students and their families.

2. Potential for Misinformation

If not properly implemented, sex education can lead to misinformation. Global Citizen mentions the lack of skilled teachers as a barrier to effective sex education.

3. May Encourage Early Sexual Activity

Some critics argue that teaching about sexual activity may encourage it. This is a common concern among opponents of sex education.

4. Parental Opposition

Parents may oppose the inclusion of certain topics in the sex education curriculum, leading to conflicts between schools and families. KQED notes that student voices are often left out of these decisions.

5. Age-Appropriateness

Determining what is age-appropriate can be challenging, and there is a risk of exposing younger students to material that they are not emotionally ready to handle.

The Case for Comprehensive Sex Education

The Case for Comprehensive Sex Education

Comprehensive sex education is a holistic approach that goes beyond just teaching about abstinence. It includes medically accurate information about a variety of topics, including STI prevention, reproductive health, and healthy relationships.

Benefits on Public Health

According to Global Citizen, comprehensive sex education has been proven to reduce misinformation and increase young people’s skills to make informed decisions about their health.

  • Reduces teen pregnancies
  • Lowers rates of sexually transmitted infections
  • Delays the age of first sexual activity

Empowerment and Informed Choices

Comprehensive sex education not only provides information but also empowers young people to make informed choices. Global Citizen also notes that it can prevent unintended pregnancies and empower against sexual violence.

  • Teaches about consent and boundaries
  • Discusses the importance of healthy relationships
  • Provides a safe space for discussing sensitive topics

The Arguments Against

Arguments Against

While there are strong arguments in favor of comprehensive sex education, there are also valid concerns and criticisms that need to be addressed.

Moral and Religious Concerns

According to KQED, a major demerit of sex education is that the material taught is often against the moral or religious beliefs that students have.

  • Conflicts with religious teachings
  • May promote lifestyles not aligned with family values

Effectiveness and Counterproductivity

Some critics argue that sex education can be counterproductive. Global Citizen mentions that many think teaching sex education in schools is equal to teaching sexual intercourse education.

  • May encourage early sexual activity
  • Lack of skilled teachers can lead to misinformation


The debate on whether or not to include sex education in schools is unlikely to end anytime soon. However, the evidence suggests that a well-designed, comprehensive program can have significant benefits for young people’s health and well-being. As with any educational program, the key to success lies in its implementation, and this includes training for teachers, involvement of parents, and a curriculum that is age-appropriate and culturally sensitive.