Radioactive contamination is one of the most serious problems occurring in the world. All of these materials have a devastating effect on nature and especially on people. As a result of natural disasters or testing back in the day, many places on earth are left contaminated with radioactive materials. Fukushima in Japan is considered to be one of the worst disasters that have ever happened, leaving a very strong impact on the lives of generations. But, since it’s not the only one, you can see below the most radioactive places in the world.
The Polygon, Kazakhstan
What is today a part of modern-day Kazakhstan, was once the place where the Soviet Union tested their nuclear weapons. It all happened during the second Cold War, but the consequences are still there. At that time, the excuse presented by the Union was that this area was uninhabited. That is not quite true, because over 700,000 people lived in The Polygon. The word is that they tested over 400 nuclear weapons here in Kazakhstan. Definitely a devastating number, that makes The Polygon one of the most radioactive places in the world. A lot of tourists find this fact super-interesting and test their adrenaline by visiting. The testing happened between the years of 1949 and 1989. In this 40-year period of time, more than 200,000 people were exposed to the very dangerous effects of radioactivity. Today no visitors are allowed in this area. Although it has been quite a while since the testing happened health issues still occur.
The earthquake and tsunami that hit Fukushima in 2011, are considered to be the worst nuclear accidents of modern-day time after Chernobyl. It happened in March seven years ago, leaving a strong mark on the whole area. The huge tsunami on the east coast of the country hit a nuclear plant located in Fukushima. It was a very unexpected natural disaster that caused a meltdown of three of the six reactors. As a result of that, the radioactive material leaked and is still causing serious damage. Radiation is present on a radius of 200 miles from the former nuclear plant. All of the devastating effects will be present for many years to come.
This is another location that suffered significantly from the nuclear program of the Soviet Union. Mailuu-Suu is considered to be one of the most polluted places in the world. It did not appear as a result of testing nuclear material, but due to the mining of some of the materials used in the production. It all started in 1946 and they used to get uranium ore and include it in nuclear weapons. Today there are 36 dumps of uranium waste left there, which is another even more dangerous fact. There is a very strong seismic activity with common earthquakes. If by any chance they cause exposure of the uranium in the waste, it can lead to the contamination of soil and water. The waist was buried right next to the city river, so in the past years, the population shows higher rates of cancer. Today 20,000 still live in Mailuu-Suu.
Literally, everyone has heard of the fire at the Chernobyl Power Plant in Ukraine. It happened in April 1986 and cost over $18 billion to control the situation. This disaster caused the death of up to 93,000 people according to research. At the same time, six million people were exposed to the radioactive damage. The amount of material that was released is 400 times bigger than Hiroshima and Nagasaki.