Marine Biologist

Quick Facts: Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists
2012 Median Pay $57,710 per year
$27.74 per hour
Entry-Level Education Bachelor’s degree
Work Experience in a Related Occupation None
On-the-job Training None
Number of Jobs, 2012 20,100
Job Outlook, 2012-22 5% (Slower than average)
Employment Change, 2012-22 1,000

What Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists Do

Zoologists and wildlife biologists study animals and other wildlife and how they interact with their ecosystems. They study the physical characteristics of animals, animal behaviors, and the impacts humans have on wildlife and natural habitats.

Work Environment

Zoologists and wildlife biologists held about 20,100 jobs in 2012. They work in offices, laboratories, or outdoors. Depending on their position, they may spend considerable time in the field gathering data and studying animals in their natural habitats.

How to Become a Zoologist or Wildlife Biologist

Zoologists and wildlife biologists need a bachelor’s degree for entry-level positions, but a master’s degree is often needed for advancement. A Ph.D. is necessary for independent research and for university research positions.


The median annual wage for zoologists and wildlife biologists was $57,710 in May 2012.

Job Outlook

Employment of zoologists and wildlife biologists is projected to grow 5 percent from 2012 to 2022, slower than the average for all occupations. More zoologists and wildlife biologists will be needed to study the impact of population growth and development on wildlife and their habitats.

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