The University of California, Berkeley (also referred to as UC Berkeley, Berkeley, California or simply Cal), is a public research university located in Berkeley, California. It is the most selective – and highest ranked in U.S. News and ARWU  – public university in the United States for undergraduate education, and is considered one of the most prestigious universities in the world. Aside from its academic prestige, UC Berkeley is also well known for producing a high number of entrepreneurs.
The university occupies 1,232 acres (499 ha) on the eastern side of the San Francisco Bay with the central campus resting on 178 acres (72 ha). Berkeley is the flagship institution of the 10 campus University of California system and one of only two UC campuses operating on a semester calendar, the other being UC Merced.
Established in 1868 as the result of the merger of the private College of California and the public Agricultural, Mining, and Mechanical Arts College in Oakland, Berkeley is the oldest institution in the UC system and offers approximately 350 undergraduate and graduate degree programs in a wide range of disciplines. Berkeley has been charged with providing both “classical” and “practical” education for the state’s people. Berkeley co-manages three United States Department of Energy National Laboratories, including the Los Alamos National Laboratory, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy.